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Monday, 10 August 2020 00:00

Tarsal tunnel syndrome is a condition that causes pain in the ankle and foot. It is caused by compression or damage to the posterior tibial nerve, which runs down the back of the calf, through the tarsal tunnel located near the heel, and down into the sole of the foot. Other than pain, the most common symptom of tarsal tunnel syndrome is a burning or tingling sensation when walking or standing, especially along the inner side of the ankle, that usually goes away with rest. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is suggested that you visit a podiatrist who can diagnose and treat tarsal tunnel syndrome. Potential treatments might include corticosteroid injections, prescription orthotics, anti-inflammatory medications, and, in severe cases, surgery to relieve the pressure on the posterior tibial nerve. 

Tarsal tunnel syndrome can be very uncomfortable to live with. If you are experiencing tarsal tunnel syndrome, contact Dawn Miles, DPM of Florida. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

Tarsal tunnel syndrome, which can also be called tibial nerve dysfunction, is an uncommon condition of misfiring peripheral nerves in the foot. The tibial nerve is the peripheral nerve in the leg responsible for sensation and movement of the foot and calf muscles. In tarsal tunnel syndrome, the tibial nerve is damaged, causing problems with movement and feeling in the foot of the affected leg.

Common Cause of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

  • Involves pressure or an injury, direct pressure on the tibial nerve for an extended period of time, sometimes caused by other body structures close by or near the knee.
  • Diseases that damage nerves, including diabetes, may cause tarsal tunnel syndrome.
  • At times, tarsal tunnel syndrome can appear without an obvious cause in some cases.

The Effects of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

  • Different sensations, an afflicted person may experience pain, tingling, burning or other unusual sensations in the foot of the affected leg.
  • The foot muscles, toes and ankle become weaker, and curling your toes or flexing your foot can become difficult.
  • If condition worsens, infections and ulcers may develop on the foot that is experiencing the syndrome.

A physical exam of the leg can help identify the presence of tarsal tunnel syndrome. Medical tests, such as a nerve biopsy, are also used to diagnose the condition. Patients may receive physical therapy and prescriptive medication. In extreme cases, some may require surgery.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Palatka and Saint Augustine, FL. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Monday, 03 August 2020 00:00

Sever’s disease is an injury of the growth plate in the heel bone that is caused by overuse. This condition is most common in children, especially boys between the ages of 8 and 14. The usual symptoms of Sever’s disease are pain and tenderness in the heel, discomfort in the foot upon walking first thing in the morning, limping while walking, and increased heel pain during and after physical activity. Your child may have an increased risk of developing Sever’s disease if they are heavier and taller than average for their age, have over-pronated feet or flat feet, play sports like soccer, football, or hockey, run barefoot or run on hard surfaces, suddenly increase their level of physical activity, or wear footwear without adequate cushioning and support. If your child complains of heel pain, it is recommended that you visit a podiatrist for an evaluation and treatment.

Sever's disease often occurs in children and teens. If your child is experiencing foot or ankle pain, see Dawn Miles, DPM from Florida. Our doctor can treat your child’s foot and ankle needs.

Sever’s Disease

Sever’s disease is also known as calcaneal apophysitis, which is a medical condition that causes heel pain I none or both feet. The disease is known to affect children between the ages of 8 and 14.

Sever’s disease occurs when part of the child’s heel known as the growth plate (calcaneal epiphysis) is attached to the Achilles tendon. This area can suffer injury when the muscles and tendons of the growing foot do not keep pace with bone growth. Therefore, the constant pain which one experiences at the back of the heel will make the child unable to put any weight on the heel. The child is then forced to walk on their toes.

Symptoms

Acute pain – Pain associated with Sever’s disease is usually felt in the heel when the child engages in physical activity such as walking, jumping and or running.

Highly active – Children who are very active are among the most susceptible in experiencing Sever’s disease, because of the stress and tension placed on their feet.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Palatka and Saint Augustine, FL. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle injuries.

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Monday, 27 July 2020 00:00

Hammertoe is a common deformity of the joints in which a person's toe is bent into a claw-like position. Usually this will affect the second toe, but can occur in the third fourth and fifth toe too. It is typically caused by wearing ill-fitting shoes with high heels and little room for the toes to move. Hammertoe typically starts with mild deformities which progress over time. Left untreated, hammertoes may require surgical intervention. Fortunately, hammertoes may be prevented entirely or have their progression slowed by wearing appropriate footwear. It is suggested to look for shoes with plenty of room in the toe area. Avoid high heels and shoes with pointed toes. A podiatrist can help you find the best footwear to prevent or mitigate the progression of hammertoe. A podiatrist may also prescribe pads, orthotic devices, or medications, or may even recommend surgery in more severe cases.

Hammertoe

Hammertoes can be a painful condition to live with. For more information, contact Dawn Miles, DPM from Florida. Our doctor will answer any of your foot- and ankle-related questions.

Hammertoe is a foot deformity that affects the joints of the second, third, fourth, or fifth toes of your feet. It is a painful foot condition in which these toes curl and arch up, which can often lead to pain when wearing footwear.

Symptoms

  • Pain in the affected toes
  • Development of corns or calluses due to friction
  • Inflammation
  • Redness
  • Contracture of the toes

Causes

Genetics – People who are genetically predisposed to hammertoe are often more susceptible

Arthritis – Because arthritis affects the joints in your toes, further deformities stemming from arthritis can occur

Trauma – Direct trauma to the toes could potentially lead to hammertoe

Ill-fitting shoes – Undue pressure on the front of the toes from ill-fitting shoes can potentially lead to the development of hammertoe

Treatment

Orthotics – Custom made inserts can be used to help relieve pressure placed on the toes and therefore relieve some of the pain associated with it

Medications – Oral medications such as anti-inflammatories or NSAIDs could be used to treat the pain and inflammation hammertoes causes. Injections of corticosteroids are also sometimes used

Surgery – In more severe cases where the hammertoes have become more rigid, foot surgery is a potential option

If you have any questions please contact one of our offices located in Palatka and Saint Augustine, FL. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Monday, 20 July 2020 00:00

Ankle sprains are generally the result of the ligaments in the ankle turning in or out. Falling is the most common cause of ankle sprains, or it may take place while stepping off of a curb unexpectedly. Research has indicated ankle sprains may be prevented when stretching exercises are frequently performed. This helps to maintain balance, flexibility, and strength. An effective ankle stretch consists of leaning against a wall and bending one leg while keeping the other leg straight. A gentle stretch can be felt in the back heel while bending forward, and then repeated after switching legs. Additionally, performing heel raises can have positive results on strengthening the ankles. If you would like more information about how to possibly prevent ankle sprains, please consult with a podiatrist.

Although ankle sprains are common, they aren’t always minor injuries. If you need your ankle injury looked at, contact Dawn Miles, DPM from Florida. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

How Does an Ankle Sprain Occur?

Ankle sprains are the result of a tear in the ligaments within the ankle. These injuries may happen when you make a rapid shifting movement while your foot is planted. A less common way to sprain your ankle is when your ankle rolls inward while your foot turns outward.

What Are the Symptoms?

  • Pain at the sight of the tear
  • Bruising/Swelling
  • Ankle area is tender to touch
  • In severe cases, may hear/feel something tear
  • Skin discoloration

Preventing a Sprain

  • Wearing appropriate shoes for the occasion
  • Stretching before exercises and sports
  • Knowing your limits

Treatment of a Sprain

In many cases, the RICE method (Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevate) is used to treat ankle sprains. However, you should see a podiatrist to see which treatment option would work best with your injury. In severe cases, surgery may be required.

It is important to ask your doctor about rehab options after you receive treatment for your injury. Stretching, strength training, and balance exercises may help the ankle heal while also preventing further injury.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Palatka and Saint Augustine, FL. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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